The Larabanga Mosque located in Larabanga, in the West Gonja District, is one of the oldest mosques in Africa and the oldest in Ghana built in the year 1421. While it has undergone several restoration and architectural works over the centuries, the core foundation of the building still remains intact and unchanged. The mosque also boasts of one of the oldest Qurans in the world believed by the people of Larabanga to have fallen from heaven in 1650 to the Imam at the time Yidam Barimah.
Originally, the mosque was built with mud, reed and clay materials as that was the most popular building material at the time of its construction. However, in the 70s, cement materials were applied to its outer layer to give it more support and withstand the test of time.
The renovation and restoration works of the mosque was greatly aided by the World Monuments Fund who made a significant financial contribution to it and listed it as one of the 100 most endangered heritage sites.
In terms of architecture, the Larabanga mosque is among the smallest mosques in West Africa yet one of the few with a very unique and architecture style modelled on the Egyptian Pyramid style but much more shorter and smaller than the Pyramids of Egypt and North Africa.
Daboya, located some 67kilometres northwest of Tamale may not be a major household in Ghana today, mostly due to the growth of commercial cities like Tamale and Wa in the northern part of Ghana. However, over a century ago, Daboya was probably the most popular town in the Northern region famous for its mass production of salt and vibrant commercial activities
Over a half of the salt consumption of Ghana in the 1700s and 1800s was supplied by Daboya as a majority of the women and men in the town were engaged in the salt mining business, making it one of the most active and commercially vibrant towns in Ghana
Today, Daboya can no longer be regarded as the salt hub of Ghana. While salt is still mined and produced in the ancient town, it is in lesser quantity compared to centuries ago, and the salt production today is only meant for the local market and consumption.
The collapse of the Daboya salt market could be attributed to the desire for iodized and refined salt in the latter part of the 21st century. The change in preference of Ghanaians resulted in the importation of granulated and refined salt from Europe, killing off the Daboya salt market which supplied unrefined salt in its natural state.
This has, however, has not stopped people from paying a visit to the town to see the salt mining centres that once made Daboya a hugely successful commercial city in Ghana and West Africa.
The gradual decline of the salt business in Daboya gave way to another craft in the form of fabric weaving. Today, the town of Daboya is more famous for its hand-woven traditional smocks than its production of salt. In fact, a majority of the fine handwoven smocks worn in the Northern region are produced in Daboya.
While the town is not the most visited in terms of tourism, Daboya has the potential to become a major tourist destination in Ghana considering its rich and storied history, coupled with historical sites such as salt mines and had woven fabric centres. Daboya may be on the brink of being forgotten, but its rich history is not lost.
Legends have it that Daboya was formally known as Burugu which simply means a well in the Dagomba language as the area had very good and clean water bodies where the people could drink from.
The area stretching all the way to the Western part of the White Volta River was conquered by famous Gonja ruler and warlord, Ndewura Jakpa who then placed the entire area under the leadership of her daughter who in turn became known as Buruwuche meaning Chief of Burugu.
According to the folktales, Buruwuche did a favour for a leper who visited the town and the leper gave her some instructions to follow which would result in her land becoming very prosperous. Buruwuche followed these instructions and the result was that the rivers and lands of the area became rich in salt mineral.
As years went by, Burugu became more and more prosperous due to the salt mining activities resulting in attacks by nearby Dagomba towns who wanted to take over Burugu and its salt mining business.
Fearing her people might be defeated and forced into slavery, Buruwuche went back to her father to seek for help in fighting off the Dagombas. It is claimed she took along some of the salt to give to his father and siblings and her siblings after tasting the fine salt exclaimed in Gonja ‘Nda peye bo anyie yea’ meaning ‘Our elder sister’s land has the best salt’. It is this Gonja exclamation that was shortened to become Daboya as we know today.
Daboya is in the Savannah Region of Ghana.